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"On my part, I remain committed to the process of dialogue. It is my firm belief that dialogue and a willingness to look with honesty and clarity at the reality of Tibet can lead us to a viable solution."

Pages of Inconvenient History

August 17, 2008

Agam's Gecko Blog
August 15, 2008

ere are some selections from one of my old quote files, concerning
Tibet's right to self-rule and compiled from various documents and
sources (before I had access to the worldwide web).

On the 10th of October, 1996 an article appeared in Hong Kong's Ming
Pao newspaper entitled "Views on several major state issues
concerning China today." It was written by two mainland Chinese
writers, Mr. Wang Xizhe and Mr. Liu Xiaobo, and it caused something
of a sensation, touching on several little-known facts about China's
modern history.

While these facts are little known outside China, they are virtually
unknown inside China. To acknowledge these facts, about both the
pre-Communist Republican government and the CCP itself, is to take a
very dangerous step (as Mr. Wang and Mr. Liu would soon learn).

In 1924, in his 'Declaration of the First KMT [Kuomintang] National
Congress', Sun Zhongshan [Sun Yat-sen] said '... the KMT solemnly
announces it acknowledges the right of self-determination of the
various nationalities within China.'

That sounds pretty straighforward, but what would Mao have made of
it? The article covered that too, quoting Mao's report to the seventh
CCP National Congress (1945), which stated, "The CCP fully agrees
with Mr. Sun's nationality policy."

Mao was even more explicit during his revolutionary "Chinese Soviet
Republic" period, long before the communist takeover of China. On
this, Wang and Liu wrote:

During the revolutionary war years, the CCP vigorously advocated the
right of national self-determination. In the "Constitutional
Programme of the Chinese Soviet Republic" set up in Ruijin, Jiangxi,
the CCP not only acknowledged the right of self-determination of
ethnic minorities in China, but also boldly announced that it "will
consistently acknowledge that various weak minority nationalities
have the right to break away from China to set up independent states".

The writers further quoted from the first communist constitution of
China of November 1931. Article Four:

"The Soviet Government of China recognizes the right of
self-determination of the national minorities of China, their right
to complete separation from China and to the formation of an
independent state for each national minority. All Mongolians,
Tibetans, Miao, Yao, Koreans and others living in the territory of
China shall enjoy the full rights self-determination, i.e., they may
either join the Union of Chinese Soviets or secede from it and form
their own state as they may prefer."

The promise was thus written into the communists' own founding
documents, and was also spoken by the fellow who still looms over
Tiananmen Square.

Mao Zedong, chairman of the Soviet Republic, also specifically
announced in his policy address that "the Mongol, Hui, Tibetan, Miao,
Li and Gaoli peoples can voluntarily decide whether to break away
from the Soviet Federation to set up independent regions".

Now that we're clear about what the communists promised to the
"national minorities" prior to taking control of China, and everyone
knows the absolute intolerance of merely acknowledging this history
(after publishing their article, Mr. Liu was immediately sent to a
labour camp and Mr. Wang managed to flee the country before he was
caught), somewhere along the way a trick must have been played. The
hypocritical moment of truth.

Unsurprisingly, it seems to have come at practically the same moment
as the CCP's takeover of China, announced on October 1, 1949. Just
four days later, the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee stated:

"It is necessary not to stress the right of national
self-determination for ethnic minorities. During the civil war, to
win over minority nationalities to oppose the KMT's reactionary rule,
our party stressed the slogan. This was absolutely right."

"This was absolutely right" -- to hoodwink the nationalities first in
order to achieve victory. After that, the rules changed and it must
not ever be mentioned again. Only four days old, and the new CCP
government had already laid down the standard of integrity for which
it will always be remembered.

The new rulers of the Chinese empire had no qualms about this
instantaneous reversal, for their rule was based on their own
foundational truth -- power comes from the gun. Most people have
heard Mao's dictum on this. Here is the context, from a statement he
made in late 1938.

"Every Communist must grasp the truth, 'Political power grows out of
the barrel of a gun.' Our principle is that the Party commands the
gun, and the gun must never be allowed to command the Party. Yet,
having guns, we can create Party organizations, as witness the
powerful Party organizations which the Eighth Route Army has created
in northern China. We can also create cadres, create schools, create
culture, create mass movements. Everything in Yenan has been created
by having guns. All things grow out of the barrel of a gun."

It's not just political power, but everything that grows out of those
gun barrels. The founding father of the People's Republic, whose "Mao
Zedong Thoughts" are still enshrined as the eternal founding
principles of the permanent ruling party, knew how to coin an
unforgettable phrase. All things grow out of the barrel of a gun.

It's not such a surprise then, in the context of these historical
facts, for the world's second worst practitioner of Democide to have
been so enamoured with the undisputed 20th century champion of
genocide and mass murder. The Winter 1995/96 publication of Cold War
International History Project Bulletin recounts their conversation of
January 22, 1950.

Mao Tse Tung: "I would like to note that the air regiment that you
sent to China was very helpful. Let me thank you Comrade Stalin, for
the help, and ask you to allow it to stay a little longer so it could
help transport provisions to Liu Bocheng's troops, currently
preparing for an attack on Tibet.

Joseph Stalin: "It's good that you are preparing the attack. The
Tibetans need to be subdued."

And so, with the approval and assistance of Stalin, Mao's armies
invaded an indisputably self-governing country which held all the
legal attributes of a fully sovereign state. Tibet was forced,
literally at gunpoint, to sign a treaty -- the "17-point Agreement"
-- the likes of which the PRC has never foisted upon any of its other
"nationalities," before or since. Apparently, the communists
themselves considered Tibet a unique case (they'll never admit that now).

But even in this one single episode of a treaty with another nation
deemed as within their own empire, the communists had to cheat. The
Tibetan diplomats sent to negotiate were not authorized by their
government to sign anything, and were thus dispatched to the meeting
without the official government stamps required to finalize any agreement.

But such legal practices would not stand in the way of the
communists. The Chinese simply had new Tibetan stamps crafted in
China, and the counterfeit impressions were affixed to the treaty.
The counterfeiting of intellectual property has a long history in the PRC.

The treaty promised Tibetans their self-rule but, true to form, the
CCP itself violated every single one of those seventeen points. And
they still cite it to justify their continuing rule.

More than half a century later, Tibetans continue to live under the
overlordship of a foreign nation, one with which they have a much
older treaty (carved in stone), denoting the boundary between the two
countries. The contradiction demonstrated by this rather hard
historical fact would be dealt with by simply counterfeiting Tibet's
own history (more on that later).

While the rulers proclaim that all their citizens enjoy religious
freedom, they also issue the proclamations which give the lie to that
statement. Such was the official public notice posted around the
Tibetan capital on June 24, 2001 by the Lhasa City Government.

"The People's Government forbids any person, any group, or any
organisation, in any form or in any place to use any situation to
represent celebrating the Dalai's birthday, to pray to the Dalai for
blessing, to sing prohibited songs, to offer incense to the Dalai, or
to carry out barley-flour-throwing illegal activities."

He is called Dalai Lama, you over-indoctrinated blowhards frightened
by a little tsampa-throwing "illegal activities."

How can they expect any respect, when they never show any? How can
they expect trust, despite their consistent display of
untrustworthiness? The answer, my friends, grows out of the barrel of a gun.

CTC National Office 1425 René-Lévesque Blvd West, 3rd Floor, Montréal, Québec, Canada, H3G 1T7
T: (514) 487-0665   ctcoffice@tibet.ca
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