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China deploys new CSS-5 missiles on border with India

August 20, 2010

August 17, 2010
The Times of India

WASHINGTON (PTI) -- China  has moved new advanced
longer range CSS-5 missiles close to the borders
with India and developed contingency plans to
shift airborne forces at short notice to the region, according to Pentagon.

Despite increased political and economic
relationship between India and China, the
Pentagon in a report to the US Congress said,
tensions remain along the Sino-India borders with
rising instances of border violation and
aggressive border patrolling by Chinese soldiers.

However, a senior Defense Departmentofficial told
reporters that the US has not observed any
anomalous increase in military capabilities along the Sino-India border.

Noting that China continues to maintain its
position on what its territorial claim is, the
official said, the two capitals - Beijing and New
Delhi - have been able to manage this dispute, in
a way, using confidence-building measures and
diplomatic mechanisms to be able to maintain
relative stability in that border area.

"But it's something that China continues to
watch; but I wouldn't say that there's anything
in this report that demonstrates a spike or an
anomalous increase in military capabilities along the border.

"It's something that China's paying very careful
attention to. It's obviously something that India
is paying careful attention to as well," the
Senior Defense Department official said.

In its annual report, the US Defence department
said, to improve regional deterrence, the PLA has
replaced older liquid-fueled, nuclear capable
CCS-3 intermediate range missiles with more
advanced and survivable fueled CSS-5 MRBMs.

"China is currently engaged in massive road and
rail infrastructure development along the
Sino-India border primarily to facilitate
economic development in western China: improved
roads also support PLA operations," the Pentagon said.

The report presented to the Congress said despite
increased political and economic relations over
the years between China and India, tensions
remain along their shared 4,057 km border, most
notably over Arunachal Pradesh, which China
asserts as part of Tibet and therefore of China,
and over the Aksai Chin region at the western end of the Tibetan Plateau.

"Both countries, in 2009, stepped up efforts to
assert their claims. China tried to block a USD
2.9 billion loan to India from the Asian
Development Bank, claiming part of the loan would
have been used for water projects in Arunachal
Pradesh. This represented the first time China
sought to influence this dispute through a
multilateral institution," the Pentagon said.
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